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  • Calf disbudding – why is this important?

    To enable the humane, safe and effective management of animals, and to minimise tissue damage and pain, horns should be prevented from developing.   HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK Cattle w... Read More
  • Looking ahead

    Potential animal health issues, tasks to consider and reminders for August include… DEER Deer farmers will be well aware that the standards for harvesting velvet have been lifted last... Read More
  • The sleepy ewe

    Do you have high levels of twin bearing ewes? Is your farm a bit tight on feed this year? Then your flock might be at risk of sleepy sickness (AKA pregnancy toxaemia or twin lamb disease). Sleep... Read More
  • Spring time vet appointments

    With the busy spring season upon us here’s a quick reminder of the requirements our customer service staff need to provide appropriate/efficient service when booking a veterinarian. Of cou... Read More
  • Peri-calving mastitis

    Peri-calving mastitis is defined as a case of mastitis in the first seven days post-calving, and often occurs due to oedematous (swollen) udders and dripping milk. Prevention involves   ... Read More
  • Winter and the horse’s hoof

    Feet issues are very common in the winter months due to the relentless wet.  Common problems we see include: Foot abscesses Often also referred to as stone bruises, these are essentia... Read More
  • Dairy herd drenching

    The question of whether to drench adult dairy cows raises some interesting points due to the conflict between drench sustainability and economic advantage. From a purely economic viewpoint there... Read More
  • Johne's disease

    Johne’s is a contagious, chronic and sometimes fatal infection caused by the organism Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. The term ‘Johne's disease' is used only to ... Read More
  • Mycoplasma bovis

    Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is one of 126 species of the genus Mycoplasma. It is the smallest living cell and is anaerobic in nature. As it does not contain any cell wall it is resistant to pe... Read More
  • Lameness in farm dogs

    Lameness is one of the most common presenting causes of working farm dogs to the vet clinic. Lameness refers to unevenness in the gait due to an inability to move one or more limbs normally with s... Read More
  • Lame weaner deer

    One of the main causes of lameness in weaner deer is from a bacterium called Fusobacterium necrophorum . This organism enters an abrasion or cut on the lower leg or foot and causes an infection... Read More
  • Biosecurity and your neighbours

    Infectious diseases can challenge the performance and threaten the lives of animals. This risk can extend across fence lines, so unless your farm is bordered on all sides by roads and/or rivers, o... Read More
  • Mid-winter shearing

    These days there are many different shearing programs, and commonly these programs involve the shearing of pregnant ewes during the winter. There are many potential benefits of shearing ewes i... Read More
  • Calf scours

    Calving season is approaching and we all know how busy this time is. Everyone is flat out looking after calves and cows and the last thing you need is an outbreak of sick, scouring calves. Bei... Read More
  • Bloat (GVD) in dogs

    Bloat, also known as gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), is a potentially fatal condition in dogs, where the stomach twists and becomes engorged with air and froth.  GDVs are most common in la... Read More
  • Have you updated your details?

    If you move house, don’t forget to update your microchip information. If your pet is microchipped and has been registered with the NZ Companion Animal Register (NB this is different from c... Read More
  • The dangers in your compost bin

    Most pet owners know that chocolate, grapes, and raisins are toxic to our canine friends. Other potentially toxic foods include avocados, garlic and onions. What most dog owners don’t realiz... Read More
  • Tail docking and dew claw removal

    In 2017 the Government announced a plan to ban non-therapeutic tail docking and restrict the removal of dew claws in Dogs in New Zealand.  The new laws will come into effect by October 2018. ... Read More
  • Microchipping and registration for dogs

    Did you know that, by law, all dogs must be registered with the local Regional Council? Puppies should first be registered by the time they are three months old ; any newly acquired dog over th... Read More
  • Emergency! ... or not?

    Have you ever been at the vet clinic in the small hours of the morning for something that wasn't as bad as it seemed?  Wouldn't it be great to have a better knowledge of what constitutes an u... Read More
  • Cat microchipping

    You may not be aware that, as well as dogs, cats can be microchipped too. It is now a legal requirement for some dogs to be microchipped (see our article - ‘Microchipping and registration... Read More
  • Equine gastric ulcer syndrome

    Equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS) refers to the presence of ulcers (a localized erosion) in the stomach of the horse.  The horse's stomach is divided into two parts: the upper ha... Read More
  • Equine metabolic syndrome

    Does your pony (or horse) have an abnormally cresty neck?  Is he more difficult than most to keep trim, or prone to developing laminitis or grass founder? If this sounds like your equine co... Read More
  • Perennial ryegrass staggers

    This seasonal condition is caused by lolitrem, a fungal toxin, produced by an endophyte fungus found in ryegrass pastures and is NOT the same as "staggers" in cows due to hypomagnesaemia. Clinical... Read More
  • Grass founder

    Founder (or laminitis) is a debilitating and painful condition of horses, ponies and donkeys.  There are a number of conditions such as colic, retained membranes, grain gorging and obesity th... Read More
  • Pregnant mare management

    Pregnant mare management should now be underway but here are some reminders on what to think about in the lead-up to foaling. Rapid growth of the foetus takes place in the last three months of p... Read More
  • Teatseal

    As we head towards drying off, now is the time to consider your options for treatment and prevention of mastitis using dry cow antibiotic and/or teatseal. With the increasing awareness of anti... Read More
  • Farm dog vaccinations

    Vaccinations are a critical part of maintaining the health of your working team, as much as regular worming and flea treatments. Even if no other dogs come onto your property, parvovirus (parvo)... Read More
  • Interpreting feed analyses

    We have been asked by many farmers over my years of clinical practice to explain and interpret feed analyses of varying products. Here we will focus on pasture and silage ... Dry matter (DM) ... Read More
  • Salmonella in sheep

    Over the years, Salmonellosis (mostly S. hindmarsh) has devastated Manawatu ewe flocks during the late summer/early autumn period. It is common for farms to experience outbreaks after a dry spel... Read More
  • Sick of lame cows?

    Lame cows are often in a lot of pain, lose weight, struggle to get in calf, have lowered milk production and cost you or your staff time. Lameness is both an animal welfare and production issue ... Read More
  • Puppy strangles

    Molly was a cute wee 10 week old Labrador pup when she came to the clinic for a red inflamed rash around her eyes and muzzle.  She was given a course of antibiotics for a suspected bacterial ... Read More
  • Cat flu

    “My cat went into the cattery and come out with the ‘flu! He was vaccinated! What went wrong?” We hear this comment every so often, and it certainly is frustrating for owners w... Read More
  • Lily poisoning

    Ginger Ninja is a gorgeous loveable puss that lives with one of our flower loving nurses, Chrissy. He is a character, does forward rolls, isn’t too fazed by much, but he isn’t the most... Read More
  • Puppy Preschool

    Just as society expects our children to have good manners, we also need to teach our puppies how to behave in different situations, so that they grow into friendly and confident adult dogs. Pupp... Read More
  • Puppy Primary

    As well as our hugely popular Puppy Preschool, did you know we also offer Puppy Primary classes? This course follows directly on from Puppy Preschool, has been designed and is taught by Sandy.... Read More
  • Dog breed profiles

    In each issue of our quarterly newsletter, Vetmates, we feature an article giving you some background information about your favourite cat and dog breeds.   Click on the links below to fin... Read More
  • Cat breed profiles

    In each issue of our quarterly newsletter, Vetmates, we feature an article giving you some background information about your favourite cat and dog breeds.   Click on the links below to fin... Read More
  • Protein supplementation

    Proteins are chains of amino acids and are found in all the cells of the body as structural components (especially muscle) but are also broken down to be used in DNA, enzymes, hormones, the immune... Read More
  • Totally Groomed

      The grooming team are a passionate and experienced team who strive to ensure your pet's comfort and happiness while they are here and ensure they leave the salon looking their very best... Read More
  • Allergies in your pets

    How do you know if your cat or dog is suffering from skin allergies? These warmer months often bring many causes for skin irritation - fleas love this weather, and pollen fills the air. But when i... Read More
  • Yersiniosis

    As Yersinia is everywhere it is not possible to eradicate - so we must manage around it. Yersiniosis is a bacterial disease that can cause severe scouring and death in young deer.  Yersi... Read More
  • Barber's pole management

    Asked at a discussion group meeting; how does barber's pole infection kill so many sheep? The answer was... Having some knowledge of barber's pole worm ( Haemonchus contortus ), and its debili... Read More
  • Sheep measles

    Do you know your dog could be costing farmers money? Dogs are part of the lifecycle of a tapeworm called  Cysticercus ovis.  This worm causes ‘sheep measles'. Dogs become infec... Read More
  • Feeding working dogs

    With the long and busy days associated with weaning just around the corner, now is a good time to reassess how we feed our biggest on farm assets - our team of working dogs. Working dog nutritio... Read More
  • Deer velvetting

    As most deer farmers will know, the industry is subject to hygiene and food safety measures in respect to velvet harvesting and handling. The National Velvetting Standards Body (NVSB) is impleme... Read More
  • Orphan lambs

    Hypothermia frequently occurs in newborn lambs, especially when the weather is bad or they don't get a feed of colostrum within the first few hours of life. If a lamb will suckle it should be ... Read More
  • Rain scald

    With the rain also comes Dermatophilosis, a bacterial infection in the skin. Dermatophilus congolensis , the bacteria which causes rain scald in horses lies dormant until the skin is compromise... Read More
  • Salmonella in cattle

    The annual occurrence of Salmonella outbreaks is common, particularly in spring calving herds when a cow is at its most susceptible late in pregnancy, or in the month or two after calving. Salmo... Read More
  • Retired Working Dog Adoption

    Totally Vets works with Retired Working Dog Adoption New Zealand to help treat and rehome working dogs that are retired through age or injury. Recently working dog Midge presented with a badly b... Read More
  • Hip dysplasia

    Hip dysplasia is a complex disease primarily involving genetic conformation of the hip joint. Growth rate, especially in the first 60 days of life, and the mineral composition of the diet fed duri... Read More
  • How vaccines work

    When bacteria or viruses enter the body, whether it be human or animal, the immune system kicks in to fight it off. It does this by producing antibodies which fight the invader and protect against... Read More
  • Zinc supplementation

    In New Zealand interest and research in zinc has mainly been for the purposes of facial eczema control.  However zinc (Zn) is also an essential trace element required for a wide range of ... Read More
  • Great Goats

    As something a little different this month, we decided to do an interview with one of our more unique clients and gain some insight into a day in the life of a dairy goat... enter Scott Fraser! ... Read More
  • Drought

    Drought A drought is when there's a rainfall deficit over an extended period of time which restricts or prevents a human activity such as farming or power generation . Extended dr... Read More
  • Nitrate poisoning

    A call was received in late spring to a farm where a herd was falling over, several had died and many were having trouble breathing. The client had held his cows back and had released the... Read More
  • Brucellosis in rams

    Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by members of the genus Brucella. It is an important zoonosis and is a significant cause of reproductive losses in animals. The disease is most commo... Read More
  • Horses and spring-time management

    Horses and all things spring Spring has sprung and, from an equine point of view, there are some key things to consider. These include vaccinations, dentals, feeding, worming and, for some, foal... Read More
  • Transition time

    Traditionally the period from three to four weeks before calving through to three to four weeks following calving has been considered the transition period. This period is when as much as eig... Read More
  • Deer scanning

    Pregnancy scanning deer - Scanning of hinds is highly recommended if you want to get the most out of your fawning. It can be used as a tool to remove empty hinds to save feeding them over... Read More
  • Sheep scanning

    Scanning percentage is the key indicator of how efficient a sheep flock has performed over the mating period. Making use of scanning data can help reduce ewe wastage, lamb losses and improve l... Read More
  • Horse hoof quality

    The old adage "no hoof, no horse" sums it up ... Good quality hoof horn is dry, hard, tough and not brittle, soft or spongy. Nutrition, environmental conditions, drugs and trauma can all have an a... Read More
  • Drenching deer

    We know that to reduce the rate of development of resistant worms, combination anthelmintic products are better than single active. The problem with drenching of deer is that no combination prod... Read More
  • Working dog worries

    To operate or not? One of your best dogs pulls up lame, he has ruptured all the ligaments in his hock and the surgery to fix it is going to be expensive. The key question is; what are the chance... Read More
  • Horse dental care

    Having regular dental check ups are essential to the on-going health of your horse. The general health and condition of your horse starts with good nutrition, however optimising good nutrition r... Read More
  • Hogget mating

    Mating is not too far off into the future. With ewe hogget mating there are a number of pros and cons that need to be considered, and a number of best practice on farm actions that are required be... Read More
  • Trace minerals

    There are many complex interactions and influencing factors effecting both the uptake and utilisation of trace elements at the soil, plant and animal level. All these factors, along with the far... Read More
  • Taking your cat to the vet

    Cats are territorial creatures and rarely ever leave their home; when they do it usually means they're going to one of two places - the vet or the cattery. Therefore when a cat is put into a cag... Read More
  • Storm

    Storm Jessica Holly Meet Stormy ("Lady Grey"), my 3 year-old ball of gorgeous grey fluff.  Storm had a very rough start to life after falling ill at a pet store, and t... Read More
  • Beefies and BVD

    Beefies and BVD The BVD Steering Committee states most beef farms in New Zealand (NZ) have been exposed to Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) virus, with most of the effects of BVD going unnotice... Read More
  • Acana food

    ACANA dog and cat food Totally Vets is proud to stock ACANA , made by award-winning Canadian pet food company Champion.   ACANA is a premium food for any pet; however it can b... Read More
  • Skin infections

    "Hot Spots" or superficial bacterial pyoderma are caused by Staphylococci bacteria and are normally seen in the hot summer months. These bacteria are present on the skin normally, but under ... Read More
  • The mineral muddle

    Mineral deficiencies are frequently blamed as a cause of poor production and reproduction within dairy herds and many who drive up the tanker track will claim to have the "silver bullet" that wi... Read More
  • Ewe metabolic disease

    Sleepy sickness and milk fever are metabolic diseases seen in sheep, most often affecting in-lamb ewes in the last few weeks before lambing. Sudden changes in feed, either feed type or grazing... Read More
  • Preventing leptospirosis in your dog

    The case of a sick sheepdog and the conundrum of Leptospirosis (Lepto) vaccinations that may help you make up your mind about vaccinating! Gus (not his real name) was working in the sun for on... Read More
  • Bite wounds

    Bite wounds have been described by one veterinary emergency specialist as "a combination of a crushing injury and a stab wound with the injection of some really nasty oral and faecal bacteria."&nb... Read More
  • Litter training

    Mastering the litter tray Most kittens are very easy to litter train and may already have learned by watching their mother by the time you get them home.  However, there are a few simple ti... Read More
  • The Dachshund

    The long and the short of it The name Dachshund is of German origin and means "badger dog". Because of their long narrow build they are often nicknamed ‘the sausage dog'. Dachshunds ac... Read More
  • Credence

    How clean is your water? Quality drinking water is essential for all animals and in most rural areas we rely on rain water, bores or dams for our household and stock water. Contamination of... Read More
  • Why neuter your working dog?

    Historically, working dogs haven't been desexed for two reasons: to see if they will be good workers and potential breeding stock; and the belief that they will become ‘lazy' after neutering... Read More
  • Totally Vets heifer grazing scheme

    Did you know that Totally Vets operates a heifer grazing scheme for our clients? We have a number of grazing properties in the region that have been audited and assessed as appropriate for the g... Read More
  • 'GO SLOW' alert

    Although having been seen mainly in Northland, our local laboratory has issued a warning about an unexplained condition, nicknamed "Go Slow", that has been seen in working and pig dogs. The ... Read More
  • Feeding bones to dogs

    It is common practice on farm for owners to feed bones to their working dogs. Although bones can provide a source of extra nutrients and boost dental health, they should be fed with caution as the... Read More
  • Diet related laminitis

    The effects of lush, carbohydrate-rich spring grass on our equine friends are well recognised and many of you will be aware of potential risks of diet related laminitis (inflammation of the soft t... Read More
  • Horses and tetanus

    Tetanus is caused by Clostridial bugs that are present everywhere in the soil and many animals (sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, alpacas etc) are often routinely vaccinated to protect them from it.&nbs... Read More
  • The Pekingese

    Lion Dog The Pekingese is an ancient breed of toy dog originating from China. It is known as a Lion Dog as it resembles Chinese guardian lions. The breed is over 2000 years old and during this... Read More
  • The Bengal

    The Busy Bengal The Bengals ‘wild cat' appearance was originally created by crossing the Asian Leopard Cat with the domestic cat. People far and wide are fast falling in love with this b... Read More
  • Guinea Pigs (cavies)

    If you've been in to the Feilding clinic recently you may have noticed our resident guinea pigs on show. Our current guinea pigs are a mother and daughter pair and it's been great to be able to ... Read More
  • The Westie

    The story goes that the West Highland White Terrier, or "Westie" as they are commonly known, came about from breeding the white puppies thrown from Scottish and Cairn Terriers.  A sprinkle of... Read More
  • Dog breed behaviour

    Are all dogs the same, just packaged differently? While all breeds are similar in their pure intelligence, there are enormous differences between breeds for the development of certain characteri... Read More
  • Minimum requirements for beef cows

    Even though breeding cows on hills are generally considered to be the flexible stock class on those hills, to not allow them to meet some minimum objectives consigns them to be low ear... Read More
  • The Great Dane

    A gentle giant The Great Dane is one of the world's tallest dogs, and was originally bred to hunt deer and wild boar. It is thought that the breed developed through cross-breeding between the ... Read More
  • Weight-loss in our senior pets

    As our pets age, we sometimes notice they are also looking thinner than usual.  Many people think that weight loss is part of the natural aging process, but this is not the case.  A nu... Read More
  • The Bichon Frise

    Did you know its French name actually means exactly what it is - a curly white lap dog! The Bichon is an appealing breed to many who love the small compact body, baby-doll face and fluffy white ... Read More
  • Wound healing - to stitch or not to stitch?

    A recent case illustrated an excellent outcome of successful wound management.  Overall outcomes may range from excellent, as can be seen in these photos of a wound to the head of a foal, to ... Read More
  • Broodmare health

    Prior to breeding, we recommend ensuring your mare's general health and reproductive health is optimal, thereby increasing her chances of getting pregnant and delivering a healthy foal next year.&... Read More
  • The hardest goodbye

    Making the decision to euthanase an animal is never an easy one, regardless of the circumstances. There are many reasons why a client may call us to arrange a euthanasia, and Totally Vets will res... Read More
  • The Abyssinian

    Clown of the cat kingdom It is not exactly known when or where the Abyssinian first appeared, however many sources repeat the story that the breed is a few thousand years old and comes from anci... Read More
  • Cellulitis in the horse

    Cellulitis is a generalised infection of the subcutaneous tissue underneath the skin.  It usually involves the lower half of the limbs and is often only in the one leg. Horses usually prese... Read More
  • Worm control for your horse

    Parasite control can become a burden on both horses and their owners, so here are a few basic concepts to consider when thinking about drenching your horse(s). In the past, we have relied on fae... Read More
  • A bitch spey at Totally Vets

    "Ahhh what a beautiful day" I think to myself as I clamber out of my basket, have a doggie stretch and then ask my mum for breakfast ... and that's when she starts to explain. I hear her say the... Read More
  • Meet the nurses' pets!

    Meet the nurses' pets! After caring for your pets all day long, the Totally Vets vet nurses then go home to their own four (or two!) legged friends.  We would like to introduce... Read More
  • Neonatal Isoerythrolysis

    Neonatal Isoerythrolysis (NI) is a disease of foals less than a week of age.  The disease causes illness in foals ranging from weakness to death, through destruction of the foal's red blood c... Read More
  • Corneal ulcers of the eye

    Ulceration is the most common corneal problem and frequently poses a substantial threat to vision, because subsequent infection can rapidly lead to devastating and painful ocular disease. A corn... Read More
  • The British Blue

    The British Blue is a member of the cat breed British Shorthair. The breed evolved by interbreeding cats brought to Britain by the Romans with the wild native cats. More crossbreeding with Persian... Read More
  • Strangles

    Just hearing the word Strangles is enough to make any horse owner shudder.  Strangles is present in New Zealand, and cases are seen in the Manawatu.  A good understanding of the diseas... Read More
  • What happens during foaling?

    Stage 1 - Labour begins Womb contractions begin and birth canal opens ready for the foal to pass through.  Signs you may observe are: Restlessness      ... Read More
  • Normal foaling parameters

    (a study of 1000 SB mares over three seasons under New Zealand conditions) Averages Average pregnancy length: 349 days 11 months 3 weeks Range 290-393 days (11 to 13 months)... Read More
  • Managing Johne's disease

    Johne's disease (JD) is an intestinal disease causing progressive weight loss, sometimes with scouring, leading to emaciation and eventual death. JD affects any age of deer from weaning through ... Read More
  • The Rottweiler

    The Rottweiler originated in Rottweil, Germany and was used not only to herd and protect stock but also pulled the butchers cart to market.  The money pouches were carried around the dog's ne... Read More
  • A horse called Wanda

    A long time ago, the year before I started vet school, I bought a horse called Wanda as a project and potential investment. Many of you will know that trying to make money from dealing horses i... Read More
  • The Maine Coon

    The gentle giant The Maine Coon is native to the state of Maine, North America and is one of their oldest breeds. Many theories surround the Maine Coon's ancestral origins but it is generally ... Read More
  • Coughs and colds

    Viral respiratory disease is a major cause of poor performance in horses.  Most equine coughs and colds in New Zealand are caused by viral respiratory infections, of which the most common is ... Read More
  • Respiratory disease

    Respiratory disease in performance horses                          &... Read More
  • The Norwegian Elkhound

    The Norwegian Elkhound, or ‘moose dog', is the national dog of Norway. It is a strong and hardy breed which enables it to deal with the sub-zero climate and challenging terrain. Despite it... Read More
  • Poor performance

    There are a number of reasons why your horse may not be performing up to expectations. The first thing to decide is whether your expectations are realistic. Has the horse performed to a h... Read More
  • Sunburn

    Sunburn!                               &#... Read More
  • Why vaccinate?

    Why vaccinate? Vaccination is a simple and effective way to give your horse the best protection against a number of diseases.   It is important for those horses competing, r... Read More
  • The annual health check

    Veterinarians and clients have been sold on the annual visit for ‘shots' for decades - usually prompted by the need to have a valid vaccination certificate for boarding kennels during the an... Read More
  • The Sphynx Cat

    While the lack of coat on a Sphynx is not your average cat lover's cup of tea, this rare breed does have its admirers. Many cats can tend to be aloof towards their owners but the Sphynx however ... Read More
  • The Border Collie

    Keep your Border Collie busy! The Border Collie was originally called the ‘Scotch Sheep Dog' and originated in Northumberland. They are most commonly known for their black and white coats ... Read More
  • Mud fever - dermatophilosis

    Mud Fever- dermatophilosis                            ... Read More
  • Magnesium in beef cows

    Magnesium in beef cows Magnesium is required for optimal rumen fermentation. Ruminants deficient in magnesium have lowered cellulose digestion in the rumen resulting in reduced appetite a... Read More
  • Colic

    Colic  The word colic simply refers to the presence of abdominal pain.  There are a multitude of colic causes and a spectrum of severity associated with these. The signs... Read More
  • No. 8 HR service

    A human resource service for the dairy farm Recognising that recruiting good people and managing them well is a significant component of a successful dairy farming business, Intelact have develo... Read More
  • Alpaca vaccinations

    Much has been written and said about when to vaccinate alpacas.  However, the fact is that no one knows the appropriate schedule because no challenge studies have been undertaken in which cam... Read More
  • Bull fertility testing

    Totally Vets offers a comprehensive bull fertility testing service. It is estimated that based on semen quality alone, 1% of sale bulls and 5% of commercial bulls are unsound for mating (Tatters... Read More
  • The Siamese

    Thai for ‘moon diamond’ Siamese cats were first officially exported from Thailand, once known as the exotic Siam, in the late 1800s.   The Siamese are said to be descendants o... Read More
  • Radiography

    Totally Vets performs soft tissue and orthopaedic radiography.  Our x-ray systems mean that we obtain fast, consistent and quality images. In order to be x-rayed, your pet will usually need... Read More
  • Intestinal problems of working dogs

    Intestinal problems - canine calamities part I Good working dogs are invaluable farm hands, working tirelessly all day without complaint. They deserve the best care they can get so yo... Read More
  • Laminitis

    Laminitis The equine foot is composed of the pedal bone and soft tissues, enveloped within the outer hoof capsule. The pedal bone (and all the weight it bears) is suspended within the ... Read More
  • Preparing your oldie for winter

    Preparing the older horse for winter With the winter months not too far away, it is time to start thinking about preparing your horse for winter. For those older equines, a little extra ... Read More
  • Dear Donkey...

    Donkeys - how are they special? From a vet's perspective, donkeys are very similar to horses in many respects. However, there are some important differences that go beyond the obvio... Read More
  • The Burmese

    The dog of the cat world The Burmese cat (in Thai meaning fortunate, beautiful and splendid) is a breed of domesticated cat with two subsets - American and British. Most modern Burmese are des... Read More
  • Sarcoids

    Equine sarcoids Sarcoids are the most common skin tumour encountered in horses.  They are locally invasive, but not metastatic.  This means they do not spread to distant sites... Read More
  • The Terrier

    Terrific terriers! Terriers originated from Great Britain and were developed to hunt and kill vermin.  The desired traits in these breeds were the ability to dig up the underground dens and... Read More
  • Kiamanawa horse muster 2009

    Kaimanawa Wild Horses - Some facts to help with the fiction! Nigel Coddington In 1844, a horse was presented to the son of Te Heu Heu Tukino - since then, horses began arriving in th... Read More
  • Picking the perfect puppy

    Food for thought - before you get a puppy There are some important things to take into consideration before thinking about getting a puppy, so that once you ‘take the plunge' you and your ... Read More
  • The Labradors

    Labrador retrievers - the good, the bad and the hungry The Labrador retriever is a very popular breed of choice throughout the world as they have the reputation of being very mellow, an excellen... Read More
  • Broodmare management

    In order to facilitate the management of spring broodmares at the start of the breeding season (1st September for Thoroughbreds), the following checklist is essential. Dry Mare Pre-ma... Read More
  • From the horses mouth...

    Looking a gift horse in the mouth...   During a thorough dental examination, several oral conditions are commonly seen. These conditions can cause discomfort to the horse and result in w... Read More
  • Injection technique

    How to give your horse intramuscular injections Safety First Only give drugs as directed by your vet If you are having trouble giving the drug as directed, please give you... Read More
  • Feeding your pigs

    Some nutrition basics for pigs Pigs are efficient converters of feed to liveweight. They have a single stomach very similar to our own, so do not cope very well with bulky fibrous feeds, pa... Read More
  • The barren mare

    A barren mare is a mare that is not pregnant at the end of the breeding season. It is advisable to perform a pre-breeding examination on these mares before the start of the breeding season to iden... Read More
  • Reproduction in pigs

    One of the big advantages of farming pigs is their ability to reproduce. Sows can produce over two litters per year with in excess of 20 piglets weaned. This is a very high reproductive rate com... Read More
  • Caring for the newborn foal

    Newborn foal management   It is important to recognise normal behaviour in your foal so that you can identify problems early on and call Totally Vets if you have any concerns. ... Read More
  • Foot abscesses

    Foot abscesses Foot abscesses are the most common cause of acute lameness in horses. They can cause a very severe lameness and may even be mistaken for a fracture. Abscesses occ... Read More
  • When to wean a foal

    When should I wean my foal?   There is no standard answer to the question of when a foal is ready to be weaned. Normally, weaning can be successfully undertaken from 3 to 8 month... Read More
  • Internal parasites of alpaca

    Generally, alpacas are susceptible to internal parasites in much the same way that cattle and sheep are. Alpacas share some internal parasites with both sheep and cattle but not all from either.... Read More
  • Cria care

    Crias are usually born (unpacked) without any problems, however it is important to ensure that the cria has immediate access to colostrum Intervene as early as possible if you suspect ... Read More
  • Dental care of alpaca

    In their natural environment, alpacas use their incisors to 'rasp' away moss and lichens growing on rocky surfaces and this keeps a check on the rapidly growing incisors. In New Zealand, the diet ... Read More
  • Alpaca & facial eczema

    Facial Eczema and alpacas - summer and autumn risk Alpacas are very susceptible to the toxic effects of facial eczema spores and high risk periods occur during the summer and autumn. The spore... Read More
  • Guinea pigs and vitamin C

    Guinea pigs, like humans but unlike all other domestic animals, cannot make their own vitamin C. Other mammals have an enzyme which helps the body produce vitamin C, but guinea pigs and ... Read More
  • Importance of deer nutrition

    It has been shown that post-rut nutrition influences future velvet weight.  As nutritional requirements peak immediately after the roar and during antler growth, maximum velvet weights will n... Read More
  • Size of yearlings at sale time

    Size of yearlings at sale time Selling yearlings at auction is all about producing horses that are appealing to buyers.  But what do buyers want?   Many factors such as p... Read More

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